Background  
History, Maps, Glossary
  
Maps - p2
    and Ext

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Notes for Maps

The first map shows how the United Nations decided to partition the land of Palestine in 1947, in Resolution 181.

It does not show all of the lilac area to the south that is also part of the land given for a Jewish state. Altogether, the Jewish-designated land was over 50% of Palestine, and included the most fertile coastal areas.

The darker lavendar areas are the land that was actually Jewish-owned at the time of this partition plan.

The next map also shows the designated lands of Resolution 181, and here you can see the area of Jerusalem in pink.  The UN's plan called for Jerusalem to be a Corpus Separatum that would be internationally administered and would be shared by Jews and Arabs, with the portion known as East Jerusalem to be for the Palestinians.

The United Nations' Resolution 181 was passed by 33 member nations; Palestine was partitioned without regard to the wishes of the Arab majority.  The Palestinians and their Arab neighbors did not accept the UN's right to make such a partitioning without the agreement of the residents and owners of the land. The result was warfare when Israel declared its statehood in 1948.








This map shows both the changes in borders after the 1948 war and the huge number of Palestinian villages that were emptied of Arab residents and razed (destroyed) by Israel. As a result of the 1948 and 1967 wars, anywhere from 700,000 to over 1 million Palestinians became refugees, and were never allowed to return to their homes, as required by international law.

Compare this map to the one above it: the beige area in the north and also much of the beige area in the far south are now gone; they are lilac here, for Israel had conquered these lands in the 1948 war.  The central beige area is also smaller, and Israeli territory now reaches over to Jerusalem, all of which Israel now claims as their own.

The remaining brown areas, known as the West Bank (because it is west of the Jordan River) and the Gaza strip, have been under Israeli military occupation since the 1967 war.  The Gaza Strip was supposedly returned to Palestinian control in 2005, but its borders are controlled by Israel and it has been under a suffocating blockade since 2006. 





This map simply shows the ways in which populations moved in the years immediately following Israel's declaration of statehood.  The brown arrows show the migration of Palestinian refugees, and the blue arrows show the immigration of Jews from Europe, Middle Eastern countries and elsewhere.












At the bottom, another map that shows the territory (in pink) taken by Israel in the 1967 "Six-Day War," a war which began with preemptive strikes by Israel.  Immediately after this war, the United Nations Security Council unanimously passed Resolution 242 which stated that land taken in war could not be kept by the conquering nation - they required Israel to return the occupied territories. The United States, a permanent member of the UN Security Council with veto power, supported this resolution.

Israel later returned the Sinai Peninsula, the large pink area to the south and west, to Egypt, but not the rest of the occupied territories. Over forty years after Resolution 242 - and many subsequent statements by the UN -  Israel has continued to ignore international rulings and law regarding these lands. The Golan Heights in the north are still under dispute between Israel and Syria, but Israel considers them annexed to itself.  And the West Bank and Gaza are still under Israeli control, either internally, as in the West Bank, or externally, as in the blockade of Gaza.