Most of the books in this first list that follows can be found at Amazon.com and other popular websites. Those that are not available from such sites have ordering information in the listing.
We have come across these titles in our research of the Middle East conflict, from a wide variety of sources. We provide this information for your convenience. Listing a resource here does not imply that United Methodists' Holy Land Task Force endorses all the content of these books.
Not listed in a specific order.
This Time We Went Too Far
By Norman G. Finkelstein
SEE THE YOUTUBE VIDEO BELOW WITH NORMAN FINKELSTEIN
Publication: March 31 2010
208 pages, Hardback
Available exclusively at:
Hardcover $20 E-book for immediate download $10
place in the whole history of writing history is assured.” — Raul
Hilberg, author, The Destruction of the European Jews
“Better than any other book, ‘This Time We Went Too Far’ shows how the massive destruction visited on Gaza was not an accidental byproduct of the Israeli invasion but its barely concealed objective.” — Raja Shehadeh, author, Palestinian Walks
For the Palestinians who live in the narrow coastal strip of Gaza, the December 2008 Israeli invasion was a nightmare of unimaginable proportions: in the 22-day-long action 1,400 Gazans were killed, several hundred on the first day alone. More than 6,000 homes were destroyed or badly damaged. The cost of the destruction and disruption of economic life, in one of the world’s poorest areas, is estimated at more than $3 billion. And yet, while nothing should diminish recognition of Palestinian suffering through these frightful days, it is possible something redemptive will emerge from the tragedy of Gaza.
For, as Norman Finkelstein details, in a concise work that melds cold anger with cool analysis, the profound injustice of the Israeli assault has been widely recognized by organizations impossible to brand as partial or extremist. Amnesty International, Human Rights Watch, and the UN investigation headed by Richard Goldstone, in documenting Israel's use of indiscriminate and intentional force against the civilian population during the invasion (100 Palestinians died for every one Israeli), have had an impact on traditional support for Israel. Jews in both the United States and the United Kingdom, for instance, are beginning to voice dissent, and this trend is especially apparent among the young.
Such a shift, Finkelstein contends, can result in new pressure capable of moving the Middle East crisis towards a solution, one that embraces justice for Palestinians and Israelis alike. The seeds of hope were thus sown in the bitter anguish of Gaza. “This Time We Went Too Far”, written with Finkelstein’s customary acuity and precision, will surely advance the process it so eloquently describes.
About the author: Norman G. Finkelstein received his doctorate in 1988 from the Department of Politics at Princeton University. For many years he taught political theory and the Israel-Palestine conflict. Finkelstein is the author of five books which have been translated into more than 40 foreign editions:
Beyond Chutzpah: On the Misuse of Anti-Semitism and the Abuse of History (University of California Press, 2005, expanded paperback edition, 2008);
The Holocaust Industry: Reflections on the Exploitation of Jewish Suffering (Verso, 2000, expanded paperback edition, 2003);
Image and Reality of the Israel-Palestine Conflict (Verso, 1995, expanded paperback edition, 2003);
A Nation on Trial: The Goldhagen Thesis and Historical Truth, with Ruth Bettina Birn, (Henry Holt, 1998);
The Rise and Fall of Palestine: A Personal Account of the Intifada Years (University of Minnesota, 1996).
Palestine: Peace Not Apartheid
by former U.S. President Jimmy Carter
Paperback: 288 pages
Publisher: Simon & Schuster (September 18, 2007)
The crowning achievement of Jimmy Carter's presidency was the Camp David Accords between Israel and Egypt, and he has continued his public and private diplomacy ever since, winning the Nobel Peace Prize in 2002 for his decades of work for peace, human rights, and international development. He has been a tireless author since then as well, writing bestselling books on his childhood, his faith, and American history and politics, but in Palestine: Peace Not Apartheid, he has returned to the Middle East and to the question of Israel's peace with its neighbors--in particular, how Israeli sovereignty and security can coexist permanently and peacefully with Palestinian nationhood.
"A provocative and all too accurate diagnosis of why the Israeli-Palestinian impasse still festers twenty-five years after [Carter] left the White House....Timely and refreshing for its candor."
-- Philip C. Wilcox, Jr., National Catholic Reporter
"Takes dead aim at what is the most pressing international affairs and national security issue of our times....Mr. Carter brings to the table a unique credibility."
-- Dan Simpson, The Toledo Blade (Ohio)
"This book offers a historical overview in the form of a personal memoir....Carter may thus be said to be both a source for the historian and himself a historian of the Israeli-Palestinian confrontation. This little book merits a reading on both counts."
-- L. Carl Brown, Foreign Affairs
"This is a must-read for anyone desiring to understand the Middle East problems."
-- Dennis Lythgoe, The Deseret Morning News (Salt Lake City)
From Publishers Weekly
The term "good-faith" is almost inappropriate when applied to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, a bloody struggle interrupted every so often by negotiations that turn out to be anything but honest. Nonetheless, thirty years after his first trip to the Mideast, former President Jimmy Carter still has hope for a peaceful, comprehensive solution to the region's troubles, delivering this informed and readable chronicle as an offering to the cause. An engineer of the 1978 Camp David Accords and 2002 recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize, Carter would seem to be a perfect emissary in the Middle East, an impartial and uniting diplomatic force in a fractured land. Not entirely so. Throughout his work, Carter assigns ultimate blame to Israel, arguing that the country's leadership has routinely undermined the peace process through its obstinate, aggressive and illegal occupation of territories seized in 1967. He's decidedly less critical of Arab leaders, accepting their concern for the Palestinian cause at face value, and including their anti-Israel rhetoric as a matter of course, without much in the way of counter-argument. Carter's book provides a fine overview for those unfamiliar with the history of the conflict and lays out an internationally accepted blueprint for peace.
Nakba: Palestine, 1948, and the Claims of Memory
by Ahmad H. Sa'di
Paperback: 416 pages
Publisher: Columbia University Press (May 19, 2007)
"The catastrophic expulsion of the Palestinian people from their homeland in 1948 is a historic injustice that demands the attention of the entire world. Americans, Israelis, and Jews in every nation must especially give heed to this astonishing collection of masterful essays. Far from being a melancholy assemblage of anger and self-pity, this book is a major political and scholarly achievement, reflecting deeply on the traumatic roots of national identity, the role of memory and amnesia, history and mythical narrative, legal doctrine and eyewitness testimony, women's experience, men's business, and lost places found again in song, story, and film. This is essential reading for anyone who longs for a just settlement to 'the question of Palestine,' the question of the Middle East, or, indeed, the establishment of a world order of peace and justice." -- W. J. T. Mitchell, The University of Chicago, and author of What Do Pictures Want?: The Lives and Loves of Images
"Nakba provides crucial insights into the Palestinian-Israeli situation yesterday, today, and, perhaps, tomorrow. This is a voice which needs to be heard by everyone interested in resolving this conflict." -- Ahdaf Soueif, author of The Map of Love
"Essential for anyone interested in testimony and history." -- Gershom Gorenberg, BookForum
"[A] moving collection of writings on the expulsion of the Palestinian people from their homeland in 1948... Highly recommended." -- CHOICE
"The editors... have compiled a collection of impressive contributions that weave together the rich and changing tapestry of Palestinian memories." -- Randa Farah, H-Levant
"Persuasive, and passionate... [ Nakba] provides a welcome addition to the literature." -- Tareq Y. Ismael, Biography
Witness in Palestine: A Jewish American Woman in the Occupied Territories
By Anna Baltzer
Published by Paradigm Publishers
Composed of hundreds of color photographs, original maps, and eyewitness stories, Witness in Palestine follows Baltzer’s eight months working with the International Women's Peace Service in the West Bank, documenting human rights abuses and supporting Palestinian-led nonviolent resistance. Meet Munira, who has lost her freedom and land to the Wall that encages her home and family. Meet Hessa, who lost her twin babies because her village is separated from the nearest hospital by a checkpoint that is closed all night long. Meet Omar, who has chosen the path of peaceful resistance after six months imprisonment without charge and the losses of his best friend, cousin, and brother. Meet the people of Palestine and the Israeli and international volunteers supporting their nonviolent movement for freedom and equality.
Online price: $19.90
Learn more about Teaching with this book and a companion piece
Life In Occupied Palestine: Eyewitness Stories & Photos, at:
Fatal Embrace: Christians, Jews,
and the Search for Peace in the Holy Land
by Mark Braverman
Foreword by Walter Brueggeman
Paperback: 416 pages
Publisher: Synergy Books (February 16, 2010)
Author Mark Braverman explains how the Jewish yearning for safety and self determination and the Christian effort to atone for centuries of anti-Jewish persecution have combined to suppress the conversations urgently needed to bring about peace in historic Palestine. The book charts Braverman's journey as an American Jew struggling with the difficult realities of modern Israel. Braverman offers bold, fresh insights on the realities of the conflict from his unique Jewish perspective, offering up the controversial opinion that standing up for justice for the Palestinian people is not anti-Semitic. Vividly describing the spiritual and psychological forces driving the discourse, Braverman turns to the prophets' cry for justice and Jesus' transformative ministry to show the way forward. The book concludes with a call to action, specific steps needed to bring about a just peace, and resources for further study. Fatal Embrace features a foreword by noted Old Testament scholar Walter Brueggemann.
'Essential reading.' Richard Falk
'An invitation that must be heeded.' Walter Brueggemann
Courageous and provocative. Sara Roy
'A prophetic voice.' Naim Ateek
A thoughtful, courageous, and deeply personal book. Stephen Walt
About the Author
Mark Braverman is a Jewish American with deep family roots in the Holy Land. Trained as a clinical psychologist, Braverman now devotes himself full-time to the cause for peace in historic Palestine. In his work he focuses on the role of religious beliefs and theology in the current discourse on Israel/Palestine and on the issue of interfaith relations. Braverman is a co-founder of Friends of Tent of Nations North America. He serves on the advisory board of Friends of Sabeel North America and the Board of the Israeli Committee Against House Demolitions-USA. He lives in Bethesda, MD.
TOWARD AN OPEN TOMB:
The Crisis of Israeli Society
by Michel Warschawski
Paperback: 128 pages
Publisher: Monthly Review Press
“A meticulously documented, yet intensely personal meditation by a leading dissident on the political psychosis currently gripping large segments of the Israeli population. Highly recommended.”— NORMAN FINKELSTEIN
Since the breakdown of the Oslo peace process in 2000 and the beginning of the second Intifada, conflict has escalated in Israel/Palestine and come to seem irreversible. The overwhelming power of the Israeli military has been unleashed against a largely defenseless population in the occupied territories of the West Bank and Gaza, driving Palestinians to despair and to desperate measures of retaliation. Michel Warschawski, has for many decades been active in building alliances of Jews and Palestinians to oppose the Israeli occupation. In this book, however, he focuses especially on the effects of the occupation on the occupiers—that is, on Israeli society—rather than its victims.
Warschawski describes the atrocities of the occupation—from the sack of Ramallah to the massacre in Jenin, the razing of houses and refugee camps, shooting at ambulances and hospitals, the use of Palestinian civilians as human shields—showing how each of these pushes back the boundaries of what was previously thinkable. He documents the resulting shifts in Israeli political thought, citing Ariel Sharon, army officers and even rabbis who begin by describing Palestinians as Nazis and end by relying on the German army's tactics for subjugating the Warsaw ghetto. Toward an Open Tomb then seeks to explain the forces within Israeli society and culture that are leading to this self-defeating result.
Warschawski has the keen eye of an Israeli insider. He develops a powerful critique of Israeli policies with a persuasive power drawn from his own Jewish origins and his deepening devotion to what he regards as the best Jewish traditions.
About the Author
MICHEL WARSCHAWSKI is director of the Alternative Information Center in Jerusalem and a well-known anti-Zionist activist. His books include Israel-Palestine: le défi binational and an award-winning memoir, Sur la frontière.
Refusing to be Enemies: Palestinian and Israeli
Nonviolent Resistance to the Israeli Occupation
by Maxine Kaufman-Lacusta
Paperback: 552 pages
Publisher: Ithaca Press (March 3, 2011)
Available at Amazon.com in hardcover, paperback and Kindle editions
About this book
Refusing to be Enemies: Palestinian and Israeli Nonviolent Resistance to the Israeli Occupation presents the voices of over 100 practitioners and theorists of nonviolence, the vast majority either Palestinian or Israeli, as they reflect on their own involvement in nonviolent resistance and speak about the nonviolent strategies and tactics employed by Palestinian and Israeli organizations, both separately and in joint initiatives.
From examples of effective nonviolent campaigns to consideration of obstacles encountered by nonviolent organizations and the special challenges of joint struggle, the book explores ways in which a more effective nonviolent movement may be built. In their own words, activists share their hopes and visions for the future and discuss the internal and external changes needed for their organizations, and the nonviolent movement as a whole, to successfully pursue their goal of a just peace in the region.
A foreword on the definition and nature of nonviolence by Canadian author Ursula Franklin, analytic essays by activists Ghassan Andoni (Palestinian), Jeff Halper (Israeli), Jonathan Kuttab (a Palestinian activist lawyer with international experience) and Starhawk (an “international” of Jewish background), and an epilogue from the author, round out the book. Andoni offers an analysis based on his long experience of nonviolent activism in Palestine, while Halper postulates “Six Elements of Effective Organizing and Struggle” as a conceptual framework for the interviews. Kuttab argues that, even given the Palestinians’ legal right to armed struggle, “nonviolence is more effective and suitable for resistance”, and Starhawk describes the unique challenges faced by Palestinian nonviolence.
About the author and contributors
Maxine Kaufman-Lacusta lived in Jerusalem for seven years and has written widely on Palestinian and Israeli nonviolent activism and related topics. Ursula Franklin is a Quaker physicist, co-founder of Voice of Women for Peace (VOW-Canada) and author of The Ursula Franklin Reader: Pacifism as a Map (Between the Lines, 2006). Ghassan Andoni is a cofounder of the Palestinian Center for Rapprochement and the International Solidarity Movement (ISM). Jeff Halper is cofounder and coordinator of the Israeli Committee against House Demolitions. His most recent book is An Israeli in Palestine: Resisting Dispossession, Redeeming Israel (Pluto, 2008). Jonathan Kuttab has practised law in Palestine, Israel and New York State. His activism spans the realms of human rights, social and church advocacy, and he has written and lectured widely. His legal/human rights writing includes co-authorship of West Bank and the Rule of Law (ICJ, 1980). Starhawk – a peace, environmental and global justice activist whose books include Webs of Power: Notes from the Global Uprising (New Society Publishers, 2002) – has volunteered with the ISM four times in the Occupied Territories.
Aspects of the Qur’än
by Syed Zahoor Ahmad
Paperback: 418 pages
Publisher: AuthorHouse (January 20, 2009)
Islam today is a vastly misunderstood religion. The unfortunate events of 9/11 and subsequent similar events have cast Islam in a very negative light resulting in a tremendous upsurge in anti Islam utterances and writings. This problem is compounded by relative lack of suitable response from the majority of Muslims of the world, including the so called Muslim scholars( Ulema) in defending Islam. "The Aspects of Quran" is one humble attempt to clear some of the misconceptions surrounding Islam and present it in its true colors. The author has chosen nine important aspects of Islam which are currently the focus of Western attention and gathered the Quranic pronouncements on them in one place hence rendering them easily accessible and understandable. These aspects are: 1.Quran 2. God 3. Muhammed (Peace be Upon him) 4.Islam's relationship with other religions, especially Judaism and Christianity 5. Knowledge 6. Social Justice 7. Women 8. Jihad 9. Terrorism. Read the book to get some authoritative answers to your questions about Islam which as a religion places great emphasis on knowledge, social justice, mercy, humility, compassion and forgiveness, sense of community and brotherhood, and above all remembrance of God at all times.
Review by Wayne Rhodes, Editor, GBCS Faith in Action
Aspects of the Qur’än has been written by a man who claims to be a direct descendant of the Prophet Muhammed to dispel myths and misunderstandings of the Islamic faith. Author Syed Zahoor Ahmad claims to assuage prejudices many Muslims have endured since 9/11, and to denounce via religious fact the false teaching touted by Islamic extremists.
The book offers an examination of nine key aspects of Islam and the Qur’än:# How does the Qur’än assess itself?;
# How does God define Himself?;
# What was the mission and role of the Prophet Muhammed?;
# Islam’s relationship with other religions, especially Judaism and Christianity;
# What are the hallmarks of the Muslim society?;
# How Islam defines social justice;
# What is the place and role of women in Islam?;
# Jihad and its purpose; and
# Why terrorism has no place in Islam.
“I wrote this book in an attempt to correct prevailing misconceptions in the West about Islam and tio dispel the deliberate manipulation of the Qur’än by many Muslim Ulemas [religious scholars] to serve their own purposes and personal agendas,” says Ahmad.
The nine aspects have been chosen because of their relevance in today’s world due to problems in places such as Afghanistan, Iran, Iraq, Sudan, Somalia and Pakistan, according to Ahmad.
“There is indeed a clash of civilizations and cultures going on,” Ahmad declares.
In the introduction, Ahmad cites several terrorist attacks around the world, including the United States, London, Madrid, Kenya and Tanzania, that have “heaped misery upon misery” in the Muslim world.
“Marginalized Muslims — a very small, brainwashed minority responsible for these tragic events — have put all Muslims, and what is tragic, Islam itself under siege in the non-Muslim world, and the West especially,” Ahmad states. “This misguided reaction to the West’s military actions in the Muslim Middle East and Afghanistan, however justifiable in their perception, has resulted in untold damage to the Muslims themselves.”
Ahmad asserts that writers hostile to Islam in a string of books have misread the religion of Islam, have misquoted the Qur’än, and have maligned the prophet of Islam in their search for sources of inspiration “for the inhuman conduct of the so-called Jihadists, fundamentalists, extremists, Islamists, et al.”
Verses from the Qur’än are used extensively by Ahmad to counter what he considers as misconceptions about Islam. For instance, 2:136 states:
We believe in Allah, and in what has been revealed to us and what was revealed To Abraham, Isma’il, Issac, Jacob, and the Tribes, and in [the Books]
Given to Moses and Jesus, and the Prophets, from their Lord; We make no distinction between one and another among them, and to Allah do we Bow our will [in Islam].
And, 2:62 says:
Those who believe [in the Qur’än] and those who follow the Jewish [Scriptures] and the Christians … , any who believe in God, and the last Day, and work righteousness, shall have their reward with their Lord and on them shall be no fear, nor shall they grieve.
“These are no isolated verses of the Qur’än,” Ahmad emphasizes. “By the time you have finished reading this book, you will come to know that this is the burden of the Qur’än.”
Ahmad takes several other authors by name to task for inadequate scholarship or too selective use of verses from the Qur’än. And, he does not pardon leaders of the Muslim world, both political and religious, who have “hugely exploited their religion in pursuit of narrow ends and temporary gains for themselves.” He accuses them of misreading and distorting the divine message.
The Qur’än is organized neither in the order in which it was revealed nor by theme, explains Ahmad. As a result observations on the same subject are spread throughout the Qur’än.
Ahmad has attempted through his nine aspects to gather in one place all that the Qur’än has to say on each of these subjects. “This will help, it is earnestly hoped, in fuller and better understanding of the Divine message by people of all faiths, he says.
Ahmad has gathered more than 650 verses from the Qur’än that apply to Islam’s relationship to other religions. The verses cover 122 pages. One such is 42:13, which reads as follows:
The same religion has He
Established for you as that
Which He enjoined on Noah —
That which We have sent
By inspiration to thee —
And that which We enjoined
On Abraham, Moses, and Jesus:
Namely,that ye should remain
Steadfast in Religion, and make
No divisions therein:
To those who worship
Other things than Allah,
Hard is the [way]
To which thou callest them.
Allah chooses to Himself
Those whom He pleases,
And guides to Himself
those who turn [to Him].
And, on Jihad, 8:61 states:
But if the enemy
Incline towards peace,
Do thou [also] incline
Towards peace, and trust
in Allah: for He is the One
That heareth and knoweth
Ahmad belongs to a family of Qazis or Islamic judges. He was born in India, migrated to Pakistan with his family and now resides in the United States.
Palestine & Palestinians: A Guidebook
From Alternative Tourism Group in Beit Sahour, West Bank
(ISBN No. 9950-319-011-3).
It is a professionally produced and attractive book of more than 400 pages that goes beyond the scope of other guides for travelers. Provides a very detailed history of the area, as well as information on the contemporary situation. The book is illustrated with color and black/ white photos and, of course, maps of all sorts. In fact, in quality, it equals any traditional guidebook.
The book is $30 and may be ordered at Palestine Online Store: http://www.palestineonlinestore.com/books/palestineandpalestinians.html
The Case Against Israel
* Pub. Date: February 2005
* Publisher: AK Press
* Format: Paperback, 200pp
The Case Against Israel argues that Zionism was responsible for the conflict between Israelis and Palestinians and that Israel is responsible for its perpetuation. The argument rests on widely accepted factual claims and impeccable sources. It avoids rhetoric and gratuitous moralizing. There is no attempt to blacken Israel through association with colonialism, imperialism, or racism. Instead, Neumann's argument emphasizes the fateful Zionist quest for Jewish sovereignty in Palestine. This quest-not the massacres or plans for transfer or other blots on Zionist history-made violence inevitable and compromise impossible. The prospect of Zionists gaining the power of life and death over all inhabitants of Palestine had to be seen by the Palestinians as a mortal threat. They responded accordingly.
The tragic consequences of the quest for sovereignty did not follow all at once, but in two stages. The Zionists established a sovereign Jewish state in 1948. Had they been content with that, peace might have followed the 1967 war, when Israel could have backed the creation of a Palestinian state in the occupied territories. Instead, Zionists pushed to extend Jewish sovereignty, this time through the settler movement. The settlements were a renewed mortal threat to the Palestinians and once again necessitated a violent response. The only solution is for Israel to withdraw, unilaterally, to its 1948 borders.
Michael Neumann was born in 1946, the son of German Jewish refugees. He graduated from Columbia University with degrees in European history and English literature, followed by a doctorate in philosophy from the University of Toronto. He teaches moral andpolitical philosophy at a Canadian university. He has written What's Left?, a critique of 1960s radicalism, and numerous articles relating to the Israel/Palestine conflict. His academic work includes The Rule of Law: Politicizing Ethics as well as articles on utilitarianism, rationality, and rights.
The Disinherited: Journal of a Palestinian Exile
by Fawaz Turki
Paperback: 160 pages
Publisher: Monthly Review Press (January 1, 1972)
" . . . extraordinary memoir . . . this small, brilliant book restores a dimension of humanity to the impassioned abstraction that the Middle East has become." -- Washington Post
"… arresting from the moment its pulsating lines begin to unfold. Fawaz Turki paints a powerful, moving picture of the tormented, alienated Palestinian living in exile… brilliant and remarkable in articulating the human dimension of the Palestinian grievance. He manages, like no other writer before him, to weave the Palestinian consciousness with skill… masterful contribution and abundant, overpowering humanity…" — Journal of Palestine Studies
Scars of War, Wounds of Peace: The Israeli-Arab Tragedy
by historian and former Israeli Foreign Minister Shlomo Ben-Ami.
The book tackles one of the most intricate issues of modern times, the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. Notable for the challenges it offers to many of Israel's founding myths and also for its severe appraisals of Israeli policies over the past half century.
* Pub. Date: May 2007
* Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
* Format: Paperback, 432pp
* ISBN-13: 9780195325423
* ISBN: 0195325427
Former Israeli Foreign Minister Shlomo Ben-Ami was a key figure in the Camp David negotiations and many other rounds of peace talks, public and secret, with Palestinian and Arab officials. Here he offers an unflinching account of the Arab-Israeli conflict, informed by his firsthand knowledge of the major characters and events.
Clear-eyed and unsparing, Ben-Ami traces the twists and turns of the Middle East conflict and gives us behind-the-scenes accounts of the meetings in Oslo, Madrid, and Camp David. The author paints particularly trenchant portraits of key figures from Ben-Gurion to Bill Clinton. He is highly critical of both Ariel Sharon and the late Yasser Arafat, seeing Arafat's rejection of Clinton's peace plan as a crime against the Palestinian people. The author is also critical of President Bush's Middle East policy, which he calls "a presumptuous grand strategy." Along the way, Ben-Ami highlights the many blunders on both sides, describing for instance how the great victory of the Six Day War launched many Israelis on a misbegotten "messianic" dream of controlling all the Biblical Jewish lands, which only served to make the Palestinian problem much worse. In contrast, it has only been when Israel has suffered setbacks that it has made moves towards peace. The best hope for the region, he concludes, is to create an international mandate in the Palestinian territories that would lead to the implementation of Clinton's two-state peace parameters.
Scars of War, Wounds of Peace is a major work of history—with by far the most fair and balanced critique of Israel ever to come from one of its key officials. This paperback edition features a new Epilogue by theauthor featuring an analysis of the most recent events in the Israeli-Arab situation, from the disappearance of Ariel Sharon from public life to the emergence of Hamas and Israel's recent war against Hizballah. It is an absolute must-read for everyone who wants to understand the dynamics of the Arab-Israeli conflict.
by Elias Chacour
Paperback: 212 pages
Publisher: University of Notre Dame Press
"Conveys . . . the journey of one man and that of an entire community to regain identity, integrity, and purpose." -- Middle East Journal,
"The conflict of being a clergyman and a Palestinian Arab in Israel forms the backdrop for this human drama. . . ." -- Library Journal, November 1990
A Palestinian Christian Cry for Reconciliation
by Naim Ateek
Paperback: 224 pages
Publisher: Orbis Books; illustrated edition (October 31, 2008)
Review on Amazon.com by Stephen Sizer:
Twenty years in the writing, Canon Naim Ateek's long awaited sequel to Justice only Justice, may prove to be the most important work ever written by a Palestinian theologian.
For those who know and respect Canon Ateek and the reconciliation work of the Sabeel Liberation Theology Centre in Jerusalem, the title says it all: A Palestinian Christian Cry for Reconciliation. He is unwavering in his conviction that "Our God-given mandate is to see that an enduring peace is achieved in the Middle East" (p. xiii). The book explains the reasons for the struggle for justice; the tortuously slow progress made in the last twenty years; why successive peace agreements have failed; and why reconciliation between Palestinians and Israelis is as elusive today as it was in 1948 or 1967. While brutally realistic, it is nevertheless a hopeful book, calling for justice for Palestinians, peace for Israelis and reconciliation for both.
The foreword is written by Archbishop Desmond Tutu, and there are four appendixes dealing with the Zionist plan for Palestine from 1919, the infamous Balfour Declaration, Palestinian loss of land from 1946-2005, and the West Bank Barrier route as of June 2007.
Consistently throughout the book, Canon Ateek, seeks faith based solutions based on biblical models and scriptural injunctions "to do justice, love mercy and walk humbly with our God". Canon Ateek shows compellingly that one cannot divorce religion from politics. Both are he insists "deeply intertwined" He insists "Religion can be a source of tremendous spiritual strength, but religion, when misused and translated into action by people of power, can also become a deadly weapon." (p. xiv).
It is clear why to many Zionists, Canon Ateek and other Palestinians who have disavowed violence as a means of achieving independence are a greater threat than the terrorists. (see Camera and CUFI for examples)
In this vitally important book, Canon Ateek identifies the major principles or building blocks upon which a just and lasting peace can and must be built. Canon Ateek strikes at the heart of the conflict and fearlessly addresses the major obstacles to peace, not least the unconditional support successive US administrations have afforded Israel. Canon Ateek warns prophetically, "Only when justice is done and Palestinians can celebrate their own independence will a comprehensive peace be felt throughout the land. As long as one side celebrates while the other mourns, no authentic celebration or peace is possible." As Jesus says, "Now that you know these things you will be blessed if you do them."
Justice and Only Justice: A Palestinian Theology of Liberation
by Naim Ateek
Introduction by Rosemary Radford Ruether
Paperback: 229 pages
Publisher: Orbis Books 1990
This captivating bestseller by a clergyman and leader of the Palestine Christian community examines the problems and prospects for Palestinians, Jews, and Christians in the Middle East.
Writing as a Palestinian Christian who has lived most of his life in Israel-Palestine, Naim Ateek examines the prospects and problems facing the Palestinian Christian community. Justice and Only Justice offers a theology for Palestinian Christians, caught up in the seemingly intractable conflicts in the most volatile area of the Middle East.
The Question of Palestine
Edward W. Said
Paperback: 320 pages
Publisher: Vintage (April 7, 1992)
From Publishers Weekly
Said's controversial but instructive Palestinian interpretation of the Mideast conflict now includes a new introduction and epilogue commenting on the intifada, Gulf War, and Madrid peace talks.
Still a basic and indespensible account of the Palestinian question, updated to include the most recent developments in the Middle East- from the intifada to the Gulf war to the historic peace conference in Madrid.
Edward Said was a Palestinian-American literary theorist and advocate for Palestinian rights. He was University Professor of English and Comparative Literature at Columbia University and a founding figure in postcolonialism. Robert Fisk described him as the Palestinians' "most powerful political voice."
The Israel Lobby and U.S. Foreign Policy
by John J. Mearsheimer and Stephen M. Walt
Hardcover: 496 pages
Publisher: Farrar, Straus and Giroux; 1st edition (August 27, 2007)
From Publishers Weekly
Starred Review. Expanding on their notorious 2006 article in the London Review of Books, the authors increase the megatonnage of their explosive claims about the malign influence of the pro-Israel lobby on the U.S. government. Mearsheimer and Walt, political scientists at the University of Chicago and Harvard, respectively, survey a wide coalition of pro-Israel groups and individuals, including American Jewish organizations and political donors, Christian fundamentalists, neo-con officials in the executive branch, media pundits who smear critics of Israel as anti-Semites and the American-Israel Public Affairs Committee, which they characterize as having an almost unchallenged hold on Congress.
This lobby, they contend, has pressured the U.S. government into Middle East policies that are strategically and morally unjustifiable: lavish financial subsidies for Israel despite its occupation of Palestinian territories; needless American confrontations with Israel's foes Syria and Iran; uncritical support of Israel's 2006 bombing of Lebanon, which violated the laws of war; and the Iraq war, which almost certainly would not have occurred had [the Israel lobby] been absent. The authors disavow conspiracy mongering, noting that the lobby's activities constitute legitimate, if misguided, interest-group politics, as American as apple pie. Considering the authors' academic credentials and the careful reasoning and meticulous documentation with which they support their claims, the book is bound to rekindle the controversy. (Sept.)
“Controversial.” —Terry Gross, Fresh Air, NPR
“It could not be more timely.” —David Bromwich, The Huffington Post
“The strategic questions they raise now, particularly about Israel’s privileged relationship with the United States, are worth debating.” —David Remnick. The New Yorker
“Ruthlessly realistic.” —William Grimes, The New York Times
“The argument they present is towering and clear and about time.” —Philip Weiss, Mondoweiss.com
“Mearsheimer, a political scientist at the University of Chicago, and Walt, on the faculty at Harvard, set off a political firestorm.” —Jay Solomon, The Wall Street Journal.com
“Promises controversy on a scale not seen since Samuel Huntington’s Clash of Civilizations sought to reframe a new world order.” —Stefan Halper, National Interest.com
“Deals with Middle East policymaking at a time when America’s problems in that region surpass our problems anywhere else . . . People are definitely arguing about it. It’s also the kind of book you do not have to agree with on every count (I certainly don’t) to benefit from reading.” —MJ Rosenberg, Israel Policy Forum Newsletter
Christians and a Land Called Holy:
How We Can Foster Justice, Peace and Hope
by Charles P. Lutz and Robert O. Smith
Paperback: 178 pages
Publisher: Fortress Press (January 1, 2006)
Fair-minded and sympathetic to Jewish, Muslim, and Christian concerns, Lutz and Smith provide a clear account of the Israeli-Palestinian situation and a compelling plea for Christian involvement in the area. Carefully sorting out the tangled historical and religious roots of the problems, they reveal the strong forces at work in the conflict and lay out the driving biblical notions of election and covenant, the historical causes of the bitter and divisive clashes of the last 50 years, the complex demographic and political issues today, how Palestinians (particularly Christians) have been affected by the turmoil, and how, finally, Christians must engage the future of justice and peace. Includes maps and twelve black and white photos.
Bethlehem Besieged: Stories of Hope in Times of Trouble
by Mitri Raheb, Pastor, Christmas Lutheran Church
Paperback: 158 pages
Publisher: Augsburg Fortress Publishers (June 1, 2004)
"This is a heartrending account of what has happened to ordinary people, and how they have lived and survived (in) Bethlehem, the birthplace of the Prince of Peace. It should shake us out of complicity with the injustice being visited on ordinary people." --Desmond Tutu, Retired Archbishop of Cape Town, South Africa
Raheb's powerful collection of compelling personal stories--stories of desperation and hope in the midst of lethal conflict--brings the Palestinian/Israeli conflict up close and personal. Raheb's lifelong commitment to his people has kept him in the legendary birthplace of Christianity, even as it has become a flashpoint in the world's most volatile and hate-filled conflict. Yet, even as tanks thunder through Nativity Square, and even as he sees the lives of his friends, his flock, and his family disrupted and destroyed, Raheb also spies seeds of hope. His passionate personal testimony lifts up the stray gesture toward friendship, the brave attempts to rebuild life and livelihood in a destroyed land, and the unquenchable desire for justice and peace.
The Ethnic Cleansing of Palestine
by Ilan Pappe
Paperback: 320 pages
Publisher: Oneworld Publications (September 25, 2007)
From Publishers Weekly
Starred Review. In his latest work, renowned Israeli author and academic Pappe (A History of Modern Palestine) does not mince words, doing Jimmy Carter one better (or worse, depending on one's point of view) by accusing Israel of ethnic cleansing and crimes against humanity beginning in the 1948 war for independence, and continuing through the present.
Focusing primarily on Plan D (Dalet, in Hebrew), conceived on March 10, 1948, Pappe demonstrates how ethnic cleansing was not a circumstance of war, but rather a deliberate goal of combat for early Israeli military units led by David Ben-Gurion, whom Pappe labels the "architect of ethnic cleansing." The forced expulsion of 800,000 Palestinians between 1948-49, Pappe argues, was part of a long-standing Zionist plan to manufacture an ethnically pure Jewish state.
Framing his argument with accepted international and UN definitions of ethnic cleansing, Pappe follows with an excruciatingly detailed account of Israeli military involvement in the demolition and depopulation of hundreds of villages, and the expulsion of hundreds of thousands of Arab inhabitants. An accessible, learned resource, this volume provides important inroads into the historical antecedents of today's conflict, but its conclusions will not be easy for everyone to stomach: Pappe argues that the ethnic cleansing of Palestine continues today, and calls for the unconditional return of all Palestinian refugees and an end to the Israeli occupation. Without question, Pappe's account will provoke ire from many readers; importantly, it will spark discussion as well.
"Ground breaking research into a well kept Israeli secret. A classic of historical scholarship on a taboo subject by one of Israel's foremost New Historians." -- Ghada Karmi - Institute of Arab and Islamic Studies, University of Exeter, England, UK
"Ilan Pappe is Israel's bravest, most principled, most incisive historian." -- John Pilger - author, journalist, and filmmaker
"Leading Israeli historian Ilan Pappe delves into his country's bloodied past in search of answers in the present." -- Morning Star, 25 April, 2008
Ground breaking research into a well kept Israeli secret. A classic of historical scholarship on a taboo subject by one of Israel's foremost New Historians. -- Ghada Karmi - Institute of Arab and Islamic Studies,
Ilan Pappe is Israel's bravest, most principled, most incisive historian. -- John Pilger - author, journalist, and filmmaker
Pappe has opened up an important new line of inquiry into the vast and fateful subject of the Palestinian refugees. His book is rewarding in other ways. It has at times an elegiac, even sentimental, character, recalling the lost, obliterated life of the Palestinian Arabs and imagining or regretting what Pappe believes could have been a better land of Palestine. -- Times Literary Supplement, 04/26/2007
Recommended by the General Board
of Church & Society, UMC:
Women of the Book: A Jerusalem Collage
June, 2005. English, Hebrew and Arabic.
A group of Israeli and Palestinian women, committed to finding common ground through storytelling and authentic dialogue, have published a book reflecting on their journey. These women are claiming the peaceable kingdom and are transforming Jerusalem in small, but mighty ways.
The book includes full-color collages created by the members of ICCI’s Jerusalem Women’s Dialogue Group as well as honest reflections by the participants about their dialogue experiences and about some of the dilemmas raised by living in a situation of ongoing conflict. In cooperation with Religions for Peace (WCRP).
To order, go to the resources page on the ICCI Web site: www.icci.org.il
An Annotated Bibliography
on the Middle East
From The Israel-Palestine Mission Network, Presbyterian Church USA
The following is a list, by no means exhaustive, of books which will
be helpful to your understanding of the causes of tension in the
Middle East and of the glorious culture that is still there. The focus
is on Christians in all of the different countries.
Ateek, Naim, Cedar Duaybis, and Marla Schrader (eds.) Jerusalem: What Makes for
Peace! A Palestinian Christian Contribution to Peacemaking/Sabeel Liberation Theology
Center. London: Melisende, 1997. 280 pp.
Papers from 1996 conference to raise consciousness re. Christian concerns for Jerusalem. Local Christian community’s position explained , also Christian spirituality in the region. Avail. Melisende.com 12.50 pounds, takes Paypal credit card.
Bailey, Betty Jane, and Bailey, J. Martin. Who Are the Christians in the Middle East?
Grand Rapids, Michigan: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company: 2003. 200 pages.
The authors, missionaries in the Middle East, describe past and present of the five church families of the Middle East and profile Christian presence by country, in Cyprus, Egypt, Holy Land, Iran, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, N. Africa, Persian Gulf, Sudan, Syria, and Turkey. Avail. Eerdmans.com or amazon.com $20.
Bailey, Kenneth E. The Cross and the Prodigal: Luke 15 through the Eyes of Middle
Eastern Peasants. St. Louis: Melbourne Press, 2000. 133 pages.
Renowned New Testament scholar and missionary combines story of the prodigal and Middle Eastern culture. Reviewed as eye-opening and inspiring. Avail. Amazon $12.
Balkian, Peter. Black Dog of Fate. Harper Collins: l997
A prize-winning family memoir of survivors of l915 Armenian genocide. Avail. Amazon $11.
Betts, Robert Brenton. Christians in the Arab East. Athens Greece: Lycabettus Press,
1975. 212 pages.
A study of Christians and the politics of the Arab world up to 1975.Avail. Lycabettus.com, cost 22 Euros.
Brother, A. and A. Janssen. Operation Desert Light: Standing up for those caught in the
Crossfire. Baker Brothers- ISBN 080075980x.
A look at contemporary conflict and many Christians caught in the middle of conflict; true stories and conversations. Avail. Fuller Theological Bookstore on line-$12.
Chacour, Elias and M. Jensen. We Belong to the Land: The Story of a Palestinian Israeli
Who Lives for Peace and Reconciliation. Harper and Collins, 1992.
A Palestinian Melkite Catholic Priest who is a significant figure in religion and politics tells his story. Avail. Amazon $18.
__________and D. Hazard. Blood Brothers. 2003.
A blend of personal anecdote and historical research, scripture and politics. Available Amazon, $10.
Cragg, Kenneth. The Arab Christian: A History in the Middle East. Louisville, Ky:
Westminster/John Knox. 1991. 336 pages.
A major figure in Christian/Muslim conversation; detailed theological analysis. Avail. Amazon $20-30.
Dalrymple, William. From the Holy Mountain. NY: Henry Holt, 1997. 454 pages.
The author follows the journey of two monks who traveled from Egypt to Turkey and then south through the Levant, beginning in 587. Avail. From Amazon. $12.43 (3-5wk shp)
Eusebius, Pamphila of Caesarea and C.F. Cruse. Ecclesiastical History. Cambridge,
Mass: Harvard University Press, 1998.
Notes from a historian of apostolic times. Avail. Amazon $10.63.
Fisher, Julia. Future for Israel: Christian Arabs Share Their Stories. Authentic Media;
Inspirational stories of Arab Christians. Avail. Fuller Theological Seminary Bookstore on line $10.50.
Frend, W.H.C. The Rise of Christianity. Philadelphia: Fortress Press, 1984.
Avail. Amazon $26.40
Glass, Charles. Tribes with Flags: A Dangerous Passage through the Chaos of the
Middle East. NY: Atlantic Monthly Press, 1990.
Author is ABC news correspondent to Middle East who was kidnapped in l987. Tribal character, shifting alliances, particularly in Lebanon where significant Christian actions exist. Avail Amazon. Few copies $4.
Griffith, Sidney. Arabic Christianity in the Monasteries of the Ninth Century. London:
Variorum Press, 1992. Essentially unavailable for purchase.
Hummel, Thomas, K. Hintlian and U. Carmesund, (Eds.). Patterns of the Past, Prospects
for the Future: The Christian Heritage in the Holy Land. London: Melisende, 1999.
Papers of 2nd International Conference on Christian Heritage held in l996. History, critical reflection on role of various Christian tradition, including legal rights over history of Christians in the Holy Land. Avail. Melisende.com, 15 pounds.
Kerr, Ann, Malcolm Kerr and Albert Hourani. Come With Me From Lebanon: An
American Family Odyssey. Civic Media Center: 1994.
Personal testimony from past president of American University of Beirut, a school founded by Presbyterians, and his wife, with noted historian. Avail from Amazon-$15.
Kimball, Charles A. Angle of Vision. Cincinnati: Friendship Press, 1992. 118 pages.
A broad overview of religion and politics for Christians in the Middle East. Avail. Alibris.com, used $2.95; limited copies.
Meinardus, Otto F. A., Two Thousand Years of Coptic Christianity. Cairo: American
University of Cairo Press, 2002. Avail. Alibris.com, $10.40
Neil, Stephen and Owen Chadwick. A History of Christian Mission, Second Edition.
History from first Christians to 20th century, post l914. Publisher unknown.
Available Amazon $11.
O’Mahony, A. (Ed). Eastern Christianity: Studies in Modern History. Religion, Politics.
620 pp. London: Melisende, 2004.
Papers from international scholars review contribution past and present of Eastern Christianity (l/5 of total number of Christians in world), as a living tradition. Melisende.com--cost, 28 pounds.
Pacini, Andrea. Christian Communities in the Middle East-the Challenge of the Future.
Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1998.
Examines role of Eastern Church in history of Arab society; analyzes challenges currently facing communities including juridical status, social, political and economic dynamics. Avail. Alibris.com $44.50 to $90.
PC(USA) Church and Society Series, Vol. 95, No. 1. Israel and Palestine: A Quest for
Peace. PC(USA) publisher, October 2003.
Series of papers by some of the most knowledgeable people in the Middle East and US. Available from PC(USA) Louisville PDS office, $3.
Patrick, Rev., Fr. Theodore H. Traditional Egyptian Christianity: A History of the Coptic
Orthodox Church. 226 pages. Greensboro, NC:Fisher Park Press: 1996.
Limited copies avail. Amazon.com
Prior, Michael and W. Taylor (eds.) Christians in the Holy Land. London: Melisende.
Papers from ecumenical seminar series; history, issues of pilgrimage, socio-economic topics, role of major churches in Holy Land. Avail. Melisende.com 12.50pounds
Raheb, Mitri. Bethlehem Besieged-Stories of Hope in Times of Trouble. Minneapolis:
Fortress Press 2004.
Noted pastor of Christmas Lutheran church in Bethlehem describes difficulties of Christian life during siege of Bethlehem by Israeli troops related to terrorist take-over of Church of Nativity in 2002. Ideas for reconciliation. Avail. Amazon.com $10
___________. I Am a Palestinian Christian. Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 1995.
History of Palestinian Christians, and description of life under occupation; effective role played by Christian community. Avail. Amazon.com $11.
Roberson, Ronald G. The Eastern Christian Churches: A Brief Survey. Rome.: Edizioni
Orientalia Christiana, Pontificio Instituto Orientale, 1995. Fifth revision. 252 pages.
Catholic-Orhodox relation and current relationship between Catholic and Oriental Orthodox churches. Avail Alibris.com, limited copies $54.
Said, Edward W. Out of Place: A Memoir. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1999;
Autobiography of famed Columbia U. scholar with Baptist/Anglican background; journey from wealth in Jerusalem, displacement in Palestine to US. Avail. Amazon.com $12.
Salibi, Kamal. A House of Many Mansions-The History of Lebanon Reconsidered.
Berkeley: University of California Press, 1990. 254 pp.
Foremost Lebanese historian analyzes factions including Maronite Christians. Avail Amazon.com 21.95.
Scudder, Lewis R. The Arabian Mission’s Story: In Search of Abraham’s Other Son.
Grand Rapids, Mich: Eerdmans, 1998. 437 pages.
Set in the context of Christian mission over 6 centuries, the book focuses on the Arabian mission as an independent Protestant mission, as part of the Reformed Church in the US. Avail. Eerdmans.com, $39.
Sennott, Charles, M, The Body and the Blood: The Holy Land at the Turn of the New
Millenium; A Reporter’s Journey. New York: Public Affairs, 2001. 449 pages.
A look at the Christians of the Holy Land and why they are disappearing. Avail through Amazon, 70 copies, varying prices.
Trimingham, J.S. Christianity Among the Arabs in Pre-Islamic Times. London: Longman
and Librairie du Liban, 1979 No copies identified for sale by search.
Tsimhoni, Daphne. Christian Communities in Jerusalem and the West Bank since 1948.
Westport, Connecticut;Praeger Press, 1991. Essentially unavailable for sale.
Wagner, Donald, E., Dying in the Land of Promise-Palestine and Palestinian Christianity from Pentecost to 2000. London: Melisende, 2001. 277 pages.
Concise and personal history of Palestinian Christianity with emphasis on regional and international politics and effect on Christian population. Avail. Amazon.com $9.
____________ Anxious for Armageddon: A Call to Partnership with Middle East
Christians. Scottsdale, Pennsylvania: Herald Press, 1995.
Examines scripture for explanations of which tradition “owns” the Holy Land—Evangelical Christians, Jewish community, who? Limited copies Avail. Amazon, $8.
Ware, Timothy (Bishop Kallistos). The Orthodox Church. London; Penguin Books, 1993. Rev. edition. 359 Pages.
History, faith, and worship of Orthodox Church. Avail. at Alibris.com from 7 to 11$.
Wessels, Antonie. Arab? And Christian? Christians in the Middle East. Kampen,
Netherlands: Kok Pharos Publishing House, 1995. 255 pages.
Describes Orthodox and Catholic groups; mission from the West, and future of the church. Unavail. for sale.
A Suggested Reading List from
American Friends Service Committee (AFSC)
This is a selection of books, found in the appendix of When the Rain Returns: Toward Justice and Reconciliation in Palestine and Israel, that we [AFSC] have found valuable in understanding both the tensions between Israelis and Palestinians and a variety of nonviolent approaches to resolving this conflict and others. That we found a book useful does not necessary mean that we agree with all or even most of what it says, but rather that we believe it expresses a perspective that needs to be heard and considered. The categories into which we have placed these books are imprecise. Many works could fit easily in more than one place (e.g., Israeli and Palestinian peacemaking efforts, Palestinian citizens of Israel) so we encourage you to look through the entire list if you are interested in a particular topic.
Ackerman, Peter, and Christopher Krueger. Strategic Nonviolent Conflict: The Dynamics of People Power in the Twentieth Century. Westport, Conn.: Praeger, 1994.
American Friends Service Committee. Search for Peace in the Middle East. New York: Fawcett Publications, 1970.
Bar-On, Mordechai. In Pursuit of Peace: A History of the Israeli Peace Movement. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Institute of Peace, 1996.
Bing, Anthony. Israeli Pacifist: The Life of Joseph Abileah. Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press, 1990.
Bondurant, Joan V. Conquest of Violence: The Gandhian Philosophy of Conflict. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1958.
Burge, Gary. Who are God's People in the Middle East? Grand Rapids, Mich.: Zondervan, 1993.
Cobban, Helena. The Moral Architecture of World Peace: Nobel Laureates Discuss our Global Future. Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 2000.
Easwaran, Eknath. Nonviolent Soldier of Islam: Badshah Khan, A Man to Match His Mountains, 2d ed. Tomales, Calif.: Nilgiri Press, 1999.
Enderlin, Charles. Shattered Dreams: The Failure of the Peace Process in the Middle East, 1995-2002. Translated by Susan Fairfield. New York: Other Press, 2003.
Fisk, Larry and John Schellenberg, eds. Patterns of Conflict, Paths to Peace. Peterborough, Ont.: Broadview Press, 2000.
Galtung, Johan. Nonviolence and Israel/Palestine. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Institute for Peace, 1989.
Gandhi, M. K. Non-Violent Resistance. New York: Schocken Books, 1951.
Gish, Arthur G. Hebron Journal: Stories of Nonviolent Peacemaking. Scottdale, Penn. and Waterloo, Ont.: Herald Press, 2001.
Gregg, Richard B. The Power of Nonviolence, 2d ed. New York: Schocken Books, 1935; reprint, Nyack, NY: Fellowship Publications, 1959.
Hedges, Chris. War is a Force That Gives Us Meaning. New York: PublicAffairs/Perseus Books, 2003.
Herr, Robert, and Judy Zimmerman Herr, eds. Transforming Violence: Linking Local and Global Peacemaking. Scottdale, Penn. and Waterloo, Ontario: Herald Press, 1998.
Holmes, Robert, ed. Nonviolence in Theory and Practice. Prospect Heights, Ill.: Waveland Press, 1990.
International Crisis Group. Middle East EndGame I: Getting to a Comprehensive Arab-Israeli Peace Settlement. Amman, Washington, and Brussels: ICG, 2002.
International Crisis Group. Middle East Endgame II: How a Comprehensive Israeli-Palestinian Peace Would Look. Amman, Washington, and Brussels: ICG, 2002.
Kaminer, Reuven. The Politics of Protest: The Israeli Peace Movement and the Palestinian Intifada. Brighton, UK: Sussex Academic Press, 1995.
Lampen, John, ed. No Alternative? Nonviolent Responses to Repressive Regimes. York, UK: William Sessions, 2000.
Lederach, John Paul. Building Peace: Sustainable Reconciliation in Divided Societies. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Institute of Peace Press, 1997.
Lederach, John Paul. The Journey Toward Reconciliation. Scottdale, Penn. and Waterloo, Ont.: Herald Press, 1999.
Lerner, Michael. Healing Israel/Palestine: A Path to Peace and Reconciliation. Berkeley, Calif.: North Atlantic Books, 2003.
MacQueen, Graeme, ed. Unarmed Forces: Nonviolent Action in Central America and the Middle East. Toronto: Science for Peace/Samuel Stevens, 1992.
Merton, Thomas. The Nonviolent Alternative. New York: Farrar, Strauss & Giroux, 1970.
Mendelsohn, Everett. A Compassionate Peace: A Future for Israel, Palestine, and the Middle East, rev. ed. New York: Farrar, Straus & Giroux, 1982, 1989.
Niyonzima, David, and Lon Fendall. Unlocking Horns: Forgiveness and Reconciliation in Burundi. Newberg, Org.: Barclay Press, 2001.
Nunn, Maxine. Creative Resistance: Anecdotes of Nonviolent Action by Israeli-Based Groups. Jerusalem: Alternative Information Center, 1993.
Rantisi, Audeh, with Ralph Beebe. Blessed are the Peacemakers: A Palestinian Christian in the Occupied West Bank. Grand Rapids, Michigan: Zondervan Books, 1990.
Reinhart, Tanya. Israel/Palestine: How to End the War of 1948. New York: Seven Stories Press, 2002.
Ruether, Rosemary Radford, and Marc Ellis, eds. Beyond Occupation: American Jewish, Christian, and Palestinian Voices for Peace. Boston: Beacon Press, 1995.
Saunders, Harold H. The Other Walls: The Arab-Israeli Peace Process in a Global Perspective, rev. ed. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1991.
Savir, Uri. The Process: 1,100 Days That Changed the Middle East. New York: Random House, 1998.
Solomonow, Allan, ed. Roots of Jewish Nonviolence. Nyack, NY: Jewish Peace Fellowship/Fellowship of Reconciliation, 1985.
Wagner, Don. Anxious for Armageddon: A Call to Partnership for Middle Eastern and Western Christians. Scottdale, Penn. and Waterloo, Ont: Herald Press, 1995.
Wallach, John and Janet Wallach, Still Small Voices. New York: Citadel Press, 1990.
Whitlock, Katherine. In a Time of Broken Bones: A Call to Dialogue on Hate Violence and the Limitations of Hate Crimes Legislation. Philadelphia: American Friends Service Committee, 2001.
Wink, Walter. Engaging the Powers: Discernment and Resistance in a World of Domination. Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 1992.
Wink, Walter, ed. Peace is the Way: Writings on Nonviolence from the Fellowship of Reconciliation. Maryknoll, New York: Orbis Books, 2000.
Woolman, John. The Journal and Major Essays of John Woolman, edited by Phillips P. Moulton. Richmond, Ind.: Friends United Press, 1971.
Abdo, Nahla, and Ronit Lentin, eds. Women and the Politics of Military Confrontation: Palestinian and Israeli Gendered Narratives of Dislocation. New York: Berghahn Books, 2002.
Armstrong, Karen. Jerusalem: One City, Three Faiths. New York: A. A. Knopf, 1996; reprint, New York: Ballantine Books, 1997.
Beinin, Joel, and Lisa Hajjar. Palestine, Israel and the Arab-Israeli Conflict: A Primer. Washington, D.C.: Middle East Research and Information Project, 2001.
B'Tselem. A Policy of Discrimination: Land Expropriation, Planning, and Building in East Jerusalem. Jerusalem: B'Tselem, 1995.
Benvenisti, Meron. Sacred Landscape: The Buried History of the Holy Land since 1948. Translated by Maxine Kaufman-Lacusta. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2000.
Chapman, Colin. Whose Promised Land? 2d ed. Batavia, Ill: Lion, 1992.
Cheshin, Amir, Bill Hutman, and Avi Melamed. Separate and Unequal: The Inside Story of Israeli Rule in East Jerusalem. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1999.
Dumper, Michael. The Politics of Jerusalem since 1967. New York: Columbia University Press, 1997.
Eliav, Arie Lova. Land of the Heart: Israelis, Arabs, the Territories, and a Vision of the Future. Philadelphia: Jewish Publication Society of America, 1974.
Fernea, Elizabeth and Evelyn Hocking, eds. Israelis and Palestinians: The Struggle for Peace. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1992.
Gerner, Deborah J. One Land, Two Peoples: The Conflict over Palestine, 2d ed. Boulder, Colo.: Westview Press, 1994.
Gerner, Deborah J., and Jillian Schwedler, eds. Understanding the Contemporary Middle East, 2d ed. Boulder, Colo.: Lynne Rienner, 2004.
Hirst, David. The Gun and the Olive Branch: The Roots of Violence in the Middle East, 2d ed. New York: Thunder's Mouth Press, 2003.
Hourani, Albert. A History of Arab Peoples. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1991.
Human Rights Watch. Second Class: Discrimination against Palestinian Arab Children in Israel's Schools. New York: Human Rights Watch, 2001.
Israeli, Raphael. Jerusalem Divided: The Armistice Regime 1947-1967. London: Frank Cass, 2002.
The Jaffee Center Study Group. The West Bank and Gaza: Israel's Options for Peace. Tel Aviv: Tel Aviv University, 1989.
The Jaffee Center Study Group. Israel, the West Bank and Gaza: Toward a Solution. Tel Aviv: Tel Aviv University, 1989.
Laqueur, Walter, and Barry Rubin, eds. The Israel-Arab Reader: A Documentary History of the Middle East Conflict, 6th ed. New York: Penguin Books, 2001.
Lesch, Ann M., and Dan Tschirgi. Origins and Development of the Arab-Israeli Conflict. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1998.
Morris, Benny. The Birth of the Palestinian Refugee Problem, 1947-1949. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1987.
Morris, Benny. Righteous Victims: A History of the Zionist-Arab Conflict, 1881-1999. New York: Knopf, 1999.
Pappé, Ilan. The Making of the Arab-Israeli Conflict, 1947-1951. New York: I. B. Tauris, 1992.
Pappé, Ilan, ed. The Israel/Palestine Question. New York: Routledge, 1999.
Reich, Bernard, ed. Arab-Israeli Conflict and Conciliation: A Documentary History. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1995.
Romann, Michael, and Alex Weingrod. Living Together Separately: Arabs and Jews in Contemporary Jerusalem. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1991.
Ruether, Rosemary Radford, and Herman J. The Wrath of Jonah: The Crisis of Religious Nationalism and Israeli-Palestinian Conflict. New York: HarperCollins, 1985; 2d ed. Minneapolis, Minn.: Fortress Press, 2002.
Said, Edward. The Question of Palestine. New York: Vintage, 1980.
Said, Edward. The End of the Peace Process: Oslo and After. New York: Pantheon, 2000.
Sharoni, Simona. Gender and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict: The Politics of Women's Resistance. Syracuse: Syracuse University Press, 1995.
Shlaim, Avi. The Iron Wall: Israel and the Arab World, New York: W. W. Norton, 2000.
Tessler, Mark. 1994. A History of the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1994.
Ucko, Hans. The Spiritual Significance of Jerusalem for Jews, Christians, and Muslims. Geneva: World Council of Churches, 1994.
Wasserstein, Bernard. Divided Jerusalem: The Struggle for the Holy City. New York: Yale Nota Bene, 2002.
Asher, Arian. The Second Republic: Politics in Israel. Chatham, NJ: Chatham House Publishers, 1997.
Avishai, Bernard. The Tragedy of Zionism: Revolution and Democracy in the Land of Israel. New York: Farrar, Strauss Giroux. 1985.
Beilin, Yossi. Israel: A Concise Political History. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1992.
Beit-Hallahmi, Benyamin. Original Sins: Reflections on the History of Zionism and Israel. Concord, Mass.: Pluto Press, 1992; reprint, New York: Olive Branch Press, 1993.
Carey, Roane, and Jonathan Shainin. The Other Israel: Voices of Refusal and Dissent. New York: The New Press, 2002.
Ellis, Marc. Toward a Jewish Theology of Liberation: The Uprising and the Future, 2d ed. Maryknoll, NY: Orbis Books, 1989.
Ellis, Marc. Israel and Palestine Out of the Ashes: The Search for Jewish Identity in the Twenty-First Century. London: Pluto Press, 2002.
Evron, Boas. Jewish State or Israeli Nation? Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1995.
Flapan, Simha. The Birth of Israel: Myths and Realities. New York: Pantheon, 1987.
Friedman, Robert. Zealots for Zion: Inside Israel's West Bank Settlement Movement. New York: Random House, 1992.
Grossman, David. Death as a Way of Life: Israel Ten Years After Oslo. Translated by Haim Watzman. New York: Farrar, Straus & Giroux, 2003.
Hazony, Yoram. The Jewish State: The Struggle for Israel's Soul. New York: Basic Books, 2000.
Horovitz, David. A Little Too Close to God: The Thrills and Panic of a Life in Israel. New York: A. A. Knopf, 2000.
Kushner, Tony, and Alisa Solomon, eds. Wrestling with Zion: Progressive Jewish-American Responses to the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict. New York: Grove Publishing, 2003.
Lustick, Ian. For the Land and the Lord: Jewish Fundamentalism in Israel. New York: Council on Foreign Relations, 1988.
March, W. Eugene. Israel and the Politics of Land: A Theological Case Study. Louisville, Ky.: Westminster/John Knox Press 1994.
Masalha, Nur. Expulsion of the Palestinians: The Concept of 'Transfer' in Zionist Political Thought, 1982-1948. Washington, D.C.: Institute for Palestine Studies, 1992.
Oz, Amos. In the Land of Israel. Translated by Maurie Goldberg-Bartura. London: Hogarth Press, 1983; reprint, New York: Vintage Books, 1984.
Sacher, Howard M. A History of Israel: From the Rise of Zionism to Our Time, 2d ed., New York: Knopf, 1996.
Sacher, Howard M. ed. The Rise of Israel: A Documentary Record from the Nineteenth Century to 1948. New York: Garland Publishing, 1987.
Schiff, Ze'ev, and Ehud Ya'ari. Israel's Lebanon War. Translated by Ina Friedman. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1984.
Segev, Tom. 1949: The First Israelis. New York: Free Press, 1986.
Shimoni, Gideon. The Zionist Ideology. Hanover: Brandeis University Press, 1995.
Shindler, Colin. The Land Beyond Promise: Israel, Likud, and the Zionist Dream. London: I. B. Tauris, 2002.
Sternhell, Zeev. The Founding Myths of Israel: Nationalism, Socialism, and the Making of the Jewish State. Translated by David Maisel. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1998.
Stone, I. F. Underground to Palestine and Reflections Thirty Years Later. London: Hutchison of London, 1978.
Torstrick, Rebecca L. The Limits of Coexistence: Identity Politics in Israel. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 2000.
Vital, David. Zionism: The Origins of Zionism. Oxford, England: Clarendon Press, 1975.
Vital, David. Zionism: The Formative Years. Oxford, England: Clarendon Press, 1982.
Abu-Amr, Ziad. Islamic Fundamentalism in the West Bank and Gaza: Muslim Brotherhood and Islamic Jihad. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1994.
Abu-Lughod, Ibrahim, ed. The Transformation of Palestine. Evanston, Ill.: Northwestern University Press, 1971; reprint, 1987.
Aruri, Naseer, ed. Palestinian Refugees: The Right of Return. London: Pluto Press, 2001.
Ashrawi, Hanan. This Side of Peace: A Personal Account. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1995.
Ateek, Naim. Justice and Only Justice: A Palestinian Theology of Liberation. Maryknoll, NY: Orbis Books, 1989.
Ateek, Naim, and Michael Prior, eds. Holy Land, Hollow Justice: God, Justice, and the Palestinians. London: Melisende, 1999.
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