Notes for Maps
Israel as it exists today is in bright
blue; the lighter blue area above is Lebanon. The light yellow area
inside the bright blue is the West Bank.
The blue area is land that Israel had
before the 1967 war, the Six-Day War. The cream colored areas are the
only remaining land for Palestinians, and that land was taken by Israel
in the 1967 war. It is still under military occupation by Israel. When
anyone speaks of "ending the occupation" or that Israel must "return to
pre-1967 borders" that means that Israel must return the cream colored
areas to Palestinian control. However, all the blue dots represent
settlements that Israel has placed in occupied territory. Today there
are approximately 200,000 Jewish Israeli settlers in East Jerusalem
which is supposed to be part of Palestinian territory, and 300,000
settlers in the rest of the West Bank.
There are no longer any settlers in Gaza, but its borders are controlled by Israel on 3 sides, including the sea, and the south border is controlled by Egypt, who receives huge US aid annually, and complies with Israeli and US wishes regarding Gaza.
The Sykes-Picot Agreement was a secret agreement between Britain and France that reflected their colonial aspirations in this region. Before the end of WWI (1914-1918), they agreed how they would divide Ottoman lands between themselves, after they had defeated Germany and its ally, the Ottoman Empire. The small purple area designated Allied Condominium in this plan actually was included in the area put under British Mandate by a decision of the League of Nations in 1922. That body was dominated by European powers, particularly France and England, and did not take into consideration the wishes of the Arab inhabitants of this land.
This secret agreement contradicted the promise made by the British to the Arabs during the war: that they would support Arab independence after the war, if Arab forces would support the Allies by fighting against the Ottomans, which they did.
This map indicates the British Mandate began in 1920, and in practical terms it did, but it was formally recognized in 1922 by the League of Nations. The red dots are Palestinian (Arab) towns and villages, and the blue dots are Zionist (Jewish) towns and villages. The extremely large majority of the population was Arab, but their wishes regarding immigration or the formation of a Jewish state on their land had no bearing on the plans being set in motion by Zionist leaders in Europe with the support of the British government.
In 1917, Lord Balfour, the British Foreigh Secretary, wrote a letter to a Zionist leader in Britain stating that Britian would support the formation of a Jewish homeland in Palestine.
The area within the heavy red dotted line was the land put under British Mandate by the League of Nations decision in 1922. The British decided to split this area into two pieces: the tan area was Palestine and the light red area became a new kingdom, TransJordon.
Lebanon and Syria, to the north, were under French Mandate. The box at the bottom of the map refers
to a tiny area at the top of Palestine, next to the Golan Heights,
which Britain ceded to France.
The thick lavendar line is the area that Zionists hoped would become a Jewish homeland. It includes all of Palestine, some of what became TransJordan (now Jordan), and part of southern Lebanon.
This map shows percentages of land owned by Arabs and by Jews, in all the districts of Palestine, in 1945, two years before the United Nations would decide to grant more than 50% of this land to the Jews of Palestine for their state.
The red portions of the pie charts are the Palestinian percentages. They constituted the very large majority of land owners in Palestine in 1945.
Based on sources from the 1945 Palestine Government, this map was published by the United Nations in 1950.